USDA Crop Progress

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By DTN Staff

OMAHA (DTN) -- Farmers continued to put the pedal to the metal last week, pushing planting progress ahead another 23 percentage points and nearly catching up to the five-year average pace, according to the USDA National Ag Statistics Service weekly Crop Progress report released Monday.

NASS estimated that 62% of corn was planted as of Sunday, May 13, up from 39% the previous week. Last week's planting progress lagged the five-year average pace of 63% by only 1 percentage point.

Farmers made the most progress in Minnesota where planting jumped a whopping 31 percentage points from 9% the previous week to 40% complete as of Sunday. South Dakota was the furthest behind last week with 21% of corn planted, 40 percentage points behind the five-year average of 61%. Illinois and Indiana were the furthest ahead of average with Illinois' corn crop 90% planted, 20 percentage points ahead of average, and Indiana's crop 73% planted, 21 percentage points ahead of average.

Corn emergence, at 28% Sunday, moved to slightly ahead of the average pace of 27%.

Meanwhile, soybean planting moved further ahead of the average pace. Thirty-five percent of the crop was planted as of Sunday, according to NASS, 9 percentage points ahead of the average of 26%. Ten percent of soybeans were emerged, ahead of 7% last year and also ahead of the average of 6%.

Winter wheat was 45% headed, behind last year's 61% and also behind the average of 53%. Winter wheat condition improved again slightly last week to 36% good to excellent, up 2 percentage points from the previous week's rating of 34% good to excellent.

Spring wheat was 58% planted as of Sunday, behind the average pace of 67%. Fourteen percent of the crop was emerged, well behind the five-year average of 36%.

Cotton was 36% planted as of Sunday, compared to 20% last week, 31% last year and a 31% average. Rice was 83% planted, compared to 68% last week, 82% last year and 80% on average. Sixty-one percent of the crop was emerged, compared to 44% last week, 72% last year and a 63% average.

Sorghum was 32% planted as of Sunday, compared to 29% last week, 32% last year and a 33% average.

Barley was 62% planted, behind the average pace 74%. Twenty-one percent of the crop was emerged as of Sunday, compared to an average of 45%. Oats were 72% planted, compared to 56% last week, 89% last year and a 84% average. Forty-eight percent of oats were emerged, compared to 34% last week, 70% last year and a 66% average.

The following are highlights from weekly crop progress reports issued by National Ag Statistics Service offices in individual states. To view the full reports from each state, visit http://www.nass.usda.gov/…

Colorado

Hot and dry conditions accelerated fieldwork and planting activities last week. Precipitation late last week was mostly confined to northern and some eastern counties. Statewide, topsoil moisture was rated 19% very short, 25% short, 55% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 12% very short, 26% short and 62% adequate. Corn was 41% planted, behind the average of 51%, and 7% of the crop was emerged compared to the average of 11%. Spring wheat was 84% planted, ahead of the average pace of 75%. Spring wheat emerged was 59%, also ahead of the average pace of 45%. Winter wheat was 72% jointed, near the average of 69%, and 11% of the crop was headed, behind the average of 16%. Winter wheat condition was rated 53% good to excellent.

Illinois

Warm weather and drier-than-normal conditions allowed producers to make excellent progress on corn and soybean planting last week. There were 5.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Statewide, the average temperature was 66.7 degrees, 5.6 degrees above normal. Precipitation averaged 0.45 inch, 0.56 inch below normal. Topsoil moisture supply was rated at 1% very short, 14% short, 79% adequate, and 6% surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated at 1% very short, 14% short, 80% adequate, and 5% surplus. Corn planted was at 90%, compared to the five-year average of 70%. Corn emerged was at 63%. Corn condition was rated 87% good to excellent. Soybeans planted was at 66%, compared to the five-year average of 24%. Sorghum planted was at 13%. Winter wheat headed reached 48%, compared to the five-year average of 51%. Winter wheat condition was rated 63% good to excellent.

Indiana

Higher temperatures and dry weather allowed for rapid planting progress last week. Conditions were ideal for planting as warm weather and clear skies increased soil temperatures and dried fields, with only a few reports of scattered showers impeding progress. The average temperature for the week was 66 degrees, 5.8 degrees above normal for the state. The amounts of rainfall recorded at weather stations varied from zero to 1.81 inches over the week. The statewide average for precipitation was 0.36 inch, or 39% of normal. There were 5.6 days available for fieldwork. Major progress was made last week for what started off as a rather slow planting season, as percent planted shot ahead of the five-year average and previous-year levels for both corn and soybeans. While the dry conditions were ideal for planting, the lack of rain hindered crop emergence over the last week. Winter wheat growth progressed and caught up to the five-year average for wheat jointing. High winds reportedly resulted in unfavorable conditions for spraying. Winter wheat condition was rated 65% good to excellent.

Iowa

Iowa farmers were held to 3.8 days suitable for fieldwork after storms left measurable rainfall across much of the state last week. Topsoil moisture levels were rated 2% very short, 6% short, 69% adequate and 23% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels were rated 4% very short, 10% short, 69% adequate and 17% surplus. Intermittent rain interrupted fieldwork and planting activities in portions of the state, but recent rains have failed to relieve the dry soil conditions in the southern one-third of the state. Iowa growers have planted 65% of the expected corn crop, four days ahead of last year. While the southern two-thirds of the state already has 79% or more of the corn crop planted, north-central Iowa has almost three-quarters of the crop left to be planted. Twenty-six percent of the crop has emerged. Soybean growers have 33% of the expected crop in the ground, led by farmers in southeast Iowa who have planted almost two-thirds of their expected crop. Five percent of the crop has emerged. Ninety-two percent of the expected oat crop has been planted, one week behind last year and three days behind the five-year average. Sixty-one percent of the crop has emerged, six days behind last year, and five days behind the average.

Kansas

There were 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork last week. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 28% very short, 32% short, 40% adequate and zero surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 25% very short, 37% short, 38% adequate and zero surplus. Winter wheat condition was rated 15% good to excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 86%. Headed was 42%, well behind 80% last year and 62% for the five-year average. Corn planted was 68%, ahead of 58% last year and 63% average. Emerged was 37%, ahead of 32% last year, and near 34% average. Soybeans planted was 31%, ahead of 14% last year and 13% average. Emerged was 6%, near 4% last year and 2% average. Sorghum planted was 3%, near 2% last year, and equal to average. Cotton planted was 5%, near 2% last year, and equal to average.

Michigan

There were 3.5 days suitable for fieldwork last week. Warm, dry weather at the beginning of the week allowed producers to make good planting progress. As the week came to an end, saturated soils due to widespread precipitation halted progress for many producers. Corn, soybean and oat planting continued in between rain showers. The rains were helpful to those who were able to complete some planting earlier in the week. Barley continued to make steady progress and sugarbeet planting was almost complete. Winter wheat condition decreased slightly as the wet conditions negatively affected the crop in some areas. Some producers were able to make herbicide applications on their wheat this past week. Other activities during the week included spreading manure, fertilizing, and spring tillage. Winter wheat condition was rated 66% good to excellent.

Minnesota

Above-average temperatures prevailed across the state last week; however, scattered thunderstorms late in the week kept producers in southern Minnesota from doing fieldwork. There were 4.3 days suitable for fieldwork. While some areas in northern Minnesota still report having frost in the ground, last week's warmer temperatures allowed farmers in many areas to apply anhydrous and dry fertilizer to fields, conduct tillage activities and plant crops. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1% very short, 6% short, 70% adequate and 23% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0% very short, 4% short, 81% adequate and 14% surplus. Minnesota's spring wheat was 59% planted, one week behind last year and two days behind the five-year average. Eleven percent of the spring wheat crop had emerged, nine days behind last year and 15 days behind average. Oats were reported as 60% planted, five days behind last year and four days behind average. Twenty-one percent of the oat crop had emerged, 10 days behind last year and 13 days behind average. Planting of the barley crop was reported as 45% complete, six days behind last year and average. Seven percent of the barley crop had emerged, six days behind last year and 15 days behind average. Corn planting was 40% completed, five days behind last year and eight days behind average. There were a few reports of corn emerging in the southern half of the state. Soybeans were 11% planted, four days behind last year and nine days behind average.

Missouri

Warmer temperatures and below-average precipitation for the week allowed planting to progress quickly. Temperatures last week averaged 72.2 degrees, 9.5 degrees above normal. Precipitation averaged 0.19 inch statewide, 0.85 inch below normal. There were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supply was rated 12% very short, 34% short, 51% adequate and 3% surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated 8% very short, 32% short, 56% adequate and 4% surplus. Corn planting progressed 13 percentage points to 91% complete, which is 15 percentage points ahead of the five-year average. Corn emerged progressed to 64%, 30 percentage points ahead of the previous week. Corn condition was rated at 2% poor, 37% fair, 58% good and 3% excellent. Soybean planting was 42% complete with 12% emerged. Cotton planting progressed to 73%, 19 percentage points ahead of the five-year average. Rice planting progressed to 76% this week. Rice emerged progressed to 48%, 22 percentage points ahead of the previous week, but still behind the five-year average. Sorghum planted is at 33%, 9 percentage points behind the five-year average. Winter wheat headed is at 61%, 32 percentage points behind last year and 4 percentage points behind the five-year average. Winter wheat condition was rated 47% good to excellent.

Nebraska

There were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork last week. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 3% very short, 22% short, 71% adequate and 4% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 4% very short, 25% short, 70% adequate and 1% surplus. Corn planted was 72%, near 74% last year and 70% for the five-year average. Emerged was 26%, near 28% last year and 25% average. Soybeans planted was 41%, ahead of 34% last year and 29% average. Emerged was 5%, near 3% last year and 2% average. Winter wheat condition was rated 64% good to excellent. Winter wheat headed was 1%, well behind 28% average, and behind 15% average. Sorghum planted was 17%, near 13% last year and 14% average. Oats planted was 88%, behind 98% last year and 96% average. Emerged was 71%, well behind 92% last year, and behind 83% average.

North Dakota

There were 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork last week. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 12% very short, 35% short, 50% adequate and 3% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 15% very short, 36% short, 47% adequate and 2% surplus. Soybeans planted was 12%, behind 25%last year and 21% for the five-year average. Spring wheat planted was 52%, behind 68% last year, and near 56% average. Emerged was 8%, well behind 28% last year, and behind 24% average. Durum wheat planted was 27%, well behind 48% last year, and behind 36% average. Emerged was 2%. Winter wheat condition was rated 39% good to excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 11%, well behind 38% last year. Corn planted was 35%, behind 53% last year and 44% average. Emerged was 1%, behind 7% both last year and average. Canola planted was 23%, behind 40% last year and 34% average. Emerged was 1%. Oats planted was 34%, well behind 69% last year and 55% average. Emerged was 5%, well behind 28% last year, and behind 21% average.

Ohio

Warmer, drier conditions in many parts of the state allowed for significant planting progress last week. There were 5.2 days suitable for fieldwork in Ohio last week. Statewide, topsoil moisture was rated 1% very short, 7% short, 73% adequate and 19% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 4% short, 75% adequate and 21% surplus. Corn planted was 55%, slightly ahead of the average of 48%, and 16% of the crop was emerged, equal to average. Soybeans planted were 31%, ahead of the average of 19%, and 3% of the crop was emerged. Winter wheat was 5% headed, behind the average of 16%. Winter wheat condition was rated 77% good to excellent.

Oklahoma

Oklahoma received little to no rainfall last. The highest precipitation total was recorded in the Panhandle district at 0.27 inch. Statewide, temperatures averaged in the high 70s. Topsoil and subsoil moisture conditions were rated mostly very short to adequate. There were 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Winter wheat headed reached 89%, down 4 points from the previous year. Canola blooming reached 86%, down 12 points from normal, and canola coloring reached 21%, down 37 points from the previous year. Corn planted reached 66%, unchanged from the previous year, while corn emerged reached 40%, down 16 points from the previous year. Sorghum planted reached 24%, down 4 points from the previous year. Soybeans planted reached 27%, up 8 points from normal. Soybeans emerged reached 1%. Cotton planting reached 26% complete, up 9 points from normal.

South Dakota

There were 4.1 days suitable for fieldwork last week. Statewide, topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1% very short, 11% short, 81% adequate and 7% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 3% very short, 23% short, 70% adequate and 4% surplus. Corn planted was 21%, well behind 61% for the five-year average. Soybeans planted was 4%, behind 22% average. Winter wheat condition was rated 35% good to excellent. Spring wheat planted was 79%, behind 89% average, and emerged was 28%, behind 58% average. Oats planted was 78%, behind 90% average and emerged was 32%, well behind 66% average. Sorghum planted was 3%, near 5% average.

Texas

Weather was mostly dry and warm across the state. Most of the state had no measurable rainfall, but the Trans-Pecos and the Low Plains received from trace amounts up to 1 inch of rain, with isolated areas getting up to 2 inches. There were 6.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Statewide, topsoil moisture was rated 38% very short, 34% short, 26% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 26% very short, 41% short, 32% adequate and 1% surplus. Corn was 82% planted, 70% emerged and 18% silked. Cotton was 28% planted and 2% squaring. Rice was 90% planted and 82% emerged. Sorghum was 85% planted and 15% headed. Soybeans were 64% planted, near the average of 62%. Winter wheat was 81% headed, and 7% of the crop was harvested as of Sunday, ahead of the average of 2%. Oats were 95% headed and 10% harvested.

Wisconsin

A second week of very wet conditions kept many tractors out of the fields in southern Wisconsin. Gray, rainy days and soaking thunderstorms dropped up to 3 inches of rain across the three southern districts. Conditions were drier in the northern portions of the state, though farmers were still tilling around wet spots in some areas. Statewide, topsoil moisture supplies were rated 2% short, 71% adequate and 27% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 5% short, 76% adequate and 19% surplus. As of Sunday, May 13, spring tillage was 47% complete statewide, five days behind the five-year average. Corn planting was 30% complete, six days behind the average. Corn emerged was at 8%, even with the average. Thirteen percent of the state's expected soybean acres have been planted, the same as last year but two days behind the average. Two percent of the state's soybeans have emerged. Winter wheat was 77% in good-to-excellent condition statewide, up 4 percentage points from the previous week.

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National Crop Progress Summary
This Last Last 5-Year
Week Week Year Avg.
Corn Planted 62 39 68 63
Corn Emerged 28 8 29 27
Soybeans Planted 35 15 29 26
Soybeans Emerged 10 NA 7 6
Cotton Planted 36 20 31 31
Sorghum Planted 32 29 32 33
Spring Wheat Planted 58 30 75 67
Spring Wheat Emerged 14 4 37 36
Winter Wheat Headed 45 33 61 53
Barley Planted 62 42 74 74
Barley Emerged 21 13 40 45
Oats Planted 72 56 89 84
Oats Emerged 48 34 70 66
Rice Planted 83 68 82 80
Rice Emerged 61 44 72 63

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National Crop Condition Summary
(VP=Very Poor; P=Poor; F=Fair; G=Good; E=Excellent)
This Week Last Week Last Year
VP P F G E VP P F G E VP P F G E
Winter Wheat 14 22 28 29 7 16 21 29 27 7 5 12 32 43 8

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(AG)

05/15/18
News Source: 
DTN HEADNEWS

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